1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
- PRODUCT NAME: Ethyl alcohol 95%
- CHEMICAL FORMULA : C2H5OH
- Grain Alcohol
- D.O.T. SHIPPING DESCRIPTION:
- Ethyl Alcohol,
Flammable Liquid, UN1170
- FLAMMABLE! HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED.
- CAUSES EYE IRRITATION.
- Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
- Keep container closed.
- Use with adequate ventilation.
- Wash thoroughly after handling.
- Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.
- Avoid breathing vapor.
EMERGENCY / FIRST AID:
- IF SWALOWED
- induce vomiting immediately by giving two glasses
of water and sticking finger down throat.
- Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
- If inhaled, remove to fresh air.
- If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
- If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
- In case of contact, immediately flush skin or eyes
with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
- In all cases get medical attention.
See Section 7.
3 PHYSICAL DATA
- BOILING POINT:
- 173°F (78.3°C)
- ( Water = 212°F ( 100°C )
- SPECIFIC GRAVITY:
- VAPOR PRESSURE:
- PERCENT VOLATILE BY VOLUME:
- EVAPORATION RATE:
- SOLUBILITY IN WATER:
- APPEARANCE AND ODOR:
Clear, colorless, volatile liquid with
AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
- FLASH POINT:
- FLAMMABLE (EXPLOSIVE) LIMITS IN AIR :
- AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE:
- OSHA CLASS:
- FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:
- Dry Chemical, foam or carbon dioxide.
- Water spray may be used
- to keep fire-exposed containers cool.
- Water may be used to flush spills away from exposures and to dilute spills to non-flammable mixtures.
- SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
- Do not use ordinary foam;
- Do not breathe fumes;
- Avoid eye and skin contact;
- Wear full protective clothing and
- NIOSH-approved self-contained
with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure
- Vapors can flow along surfaces to distant ignition
source and flash back.
- Containers may
rupture violently in fire
- UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:
Alcohols can react vigorously with oxidizers.
5. REACTIVITY DATA
- CONDITIONS TO AVOID:
- Keep away from heat, sparks, flames
- INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIALS TO AVOID):
- Capable of reacting vigorously with oxidizing agents,
such as nitrates, perchlorates, peroxides, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, etc.
- HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS:
- Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO).
- HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION:
- ACGIH THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE:
- PRIMARY ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
- Skin Contact; Skin absorption; Inhalation
- SIGNS / SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE:
- Exposure to ethyl alcohol vapors in excess of 1000
ppm in air may cause headache and irritation of the eyes, note and throat.
- Prolonged exposure may cause
symptoms of alcohol
intoxication, drowsiness, weakness, loss of appetite, and inability to concentrate.
- Exposure to very high concentrations may cause symptoms
intoxication, headache, drowsiness, tremors, fatigue, dizziness, and unconsciousness.
- Ingestion of 190 proof ethyl alcohol produces the
typical effects of alcohol intoxication.
- Ingestion of very large doses can cause alcohol poisoning
- Contact of liquid ethyl alcohol with the skin may
cause drying and cracking due to defatting of the tissue.
- Repeated, prolonged skin contact can cause drying
and cracking of the skin
and possible dermatitis.
- MEDICAL CONDITIONS GENERALLY
- AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE:
- Skin, eyes, liver, respiratory system, central nervous
7. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID
- EYE CONTACT:
- Flush thoroughly with running water for at least 15
minutes, including under eyelids.
- Get medical attention.
- SKIN CONTACT:
- Flush area with water.
- Remove contaminated clothing.
- Get medical attention if irritation persists after
- Remove to fresh air.
- Restore and/or support breathing as required.
- Get medical attention.
- If victim is conscious and less than 2 hours have
elapsed since ingestion,
administer large quantities of water and induce vomiting or gastric lavage.
- Do not make an unconscious person vomit.
medical attention immediately.
8. SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
- VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS:
- Local exhaust to maintain concentration of alcohol
vapors below 1000 ppm.
- SPECIFIC PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
- NIOSH approved respirator for organic vapors if ventilation
is not adequate. For unknown concentrations, fire fighting, or high concentrations, use a
apparatus (SCBA) with full face piece.
- Face shield, chemical safety goggles or safety
glasses with side shields.
- Butyl rubber, natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber,
or other compatible material.
- Appropriate protective clothing for the work situation
to minimize skin contact.
- Eyewash stations and safety showers should be available
in areas of handling and use.
- Store in tightly closed containers.
- Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated, fire resistant
- Store out of direct sunlight, away from oxidizing
agents and sources of heat or ignition.
- Electrically bond and ground metal containers during
LEAK AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURES
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IF MATERIAL
IS RELEASED OR SPILLED:
- Restrict access to area.
- Keep unprotected personnel upwind of spill.
- Remove sources of heat, sparks, and flames.
- Provide adequate ventilation.
- Contain spill.
- Prevent liquid from entering sewers and confined spaces.
- Use non-sparking tools and equipment.
- Follow federal, state, and local requirements for
reporting spills and releases.
- SMALL SPILLS: Absorb with sand or other suitable material;
transfer to suitable disposal container.
- Flush area with water.
- LARGE SPILLS:
- Use water spray to reduce vapors and decrease fire
- Pick up liquid for recovery or disposal when feasible.
Absorb residues with sand or other suitable material; transfer to suitable disposal containers.
- Follow federal, state and local disposal requirements.
- Waste residues and liquids may be an ignitable hazardous