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ETHANOL SAFETY DATA SHEET














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1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

  • PRODUCT NAME:  Ethyl alcohol 95%
    • CHEMICAL FORMULA :  C2H5OH
  • C.A.S. Number: 64-17-5  
    • SYNONYMS:
      • Ethanol,
      • Grain Alcohol
      • 90-Proof Alcohol

  • D.O.T. SHIPPING DESCRIPTION: 
  •  Ethyl Alcohol, 
  •  Flammable Liquid, UN1170


    2. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS
    •  IDENTITY INFORMATION

      COMPONENT: Ethyl Alcohol 95%
      OSHA PEL: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m)
      ACGIH TLV: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m)


      PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES:

      WARNING!
  • FLAMMABLE! HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED.
  • CAUSES EYE IRRITATION.
  • Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
  • Keep container closed.
  • Use with adequate ventilation.
  • Wash thoroughly after handling.
  • Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.
  • Avoid breathing vapor.

    EMERGENCY / FIRST AID:
  • IF SWALOWED 
    • induce vomiting immediately by giving two glasses of water and sticking finger down throat.
    • Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. 
    • If inhaled, remove to fresh air. 
    • If not breathing, give artificial respiration. 
    • If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. 
    • In case of contact, immediately flush skin or eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. 
  • In all cases get medical attention.  
  • See Section 7.


    3 PHYSICAL DATA 
  •  
    •  CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • BOILING POINT:
    • 173F (78.3C)
      • ( Water = 212F ( 100C ) 
  • SPECIFIC GRAVITY:
    • 0.816 @ 60F ( 15.6C )
      • ( Water = 1 )
  • VAPOR PRESSURE:
    • 43 mmHg @ 68F ( 20C )  
  • PERCENT VOLATILE BY VOLUME: 
    •  99.9+VAPOR DENSITY: 1.6
      • ( Air = 1 ) 
  • EVAPORATION RATE:
    • ( CCl4 = 1 ) : 1.4
  • SOLUBILITY IN WATER: 
    • Complete.
  • APPEARANCE AND ODOR: 
  • Clear, colorless, volatile liquid with alcoholic odor.


    4. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
  • FLASH POINT: 
    • 55F (12.8C) TCC  
  • FLAMMABLE (EXPLOSIVE) LIMITS IN AIR :  
    • Lower 3.3;  Upper 19.0
      • ( % By Volume )
  • AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE:
    • 793F (422C) 
  • OSHA CLASS:
    • 1B Flammable Liquid
  • FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:
    • Dry Chemical, foam or carbon dioxide. 
    • Water spray may be used
    • to keep fire-exposed containers cool.
    • Water may be used to flush spills away from exposures and to dilute spills to non-flammable mixtures.
  • SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
    • Do not use ordinary foam;
    • Do not breathe fumes;
    • Avoid eye and skin contact;
    • Wear full protective clothing and
    • NIOSH-approved self-contained
      breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure
      mode. 
    •  Vapors can flow along surfaces to distant ignition source and flash back. 
    • Containers may
      rupture violently in fire
  • UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:

Alcohols can react vigorously with oxidizers.


5. REACTIVITY DATA

  • STABILITY:
    • Stable
  • CONDITIONS TO AVOID:
    • Keep away from heat, sparks, flames
  • INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIALS TO AVOID):
    • Capable of reacting vigorously with oxidizing agents, such as nitrates, perchlorates, peroxides, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, etc.
  • HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS:
    • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO).
  • HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: 
    • Will not occur.


      6. HEALTH HAZARD DATA
  • ACGIH THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE:
    • 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m)
  • PRIMARY ROUTES OF EXPOSURE: 
    • Skin Contact; Skin absorption; Inhalation
  • SIGNS / SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE:
    • ACUTE:
      • Exposure to ethyl alcohol vapors in excess of 1000 ppm in air may cause headache and irritation of the eyes, note and throat. 
  • Prolonged exposure may cause
    symptoms of alcohol intoxication, drowsiness, weakness, loss of appetite, and inability to concentrate.
  • Exposure to very high concentrations may cause symptoms of alcohol
    intoxication, headache, drowsiness, tremors, fatigue, dizziness, and unconsciousness. 
     
  • Ingestion of 190 proof ethyl alcohol produces the typical effects of alcohol intoxication. 
  • Ingestion of very large doses can cause alcohol poisoning and death. 
  • Contact of liquid ethyl alcohol with the skin may cause drying and cracking due to defatting of the tissue.
  • CHRONIC:
    • Repeated, prolonged skin contact can cause drying and cracking of the skin
      and possible dermatitis.
  • MEDICAL CONDITIONS GENERALLY
    • AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE:
      • Skin, eyes, liver, respiratory system, central nervous system.

7. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES

  • EYE CONTACT:
    • Flush thoroughly with running water for at least 15 minutes, including under eyelids. 
    • Get medical attention.
  • SKIN CONTACT:
    • Flush area with water. 
    • Remove contaminated clothing. 
    • Get medical attention if irritation persists after flushing.
  • INHALATION:
    • Remove to fresh air. 
    • Restore and/or support breathing as required. 
    • Get medical attention.
  • INGESTION:
    • If victim is conscious and less than 2 hours have elapsed since ingestion,
      administer large quantities of water and induce vomiting or gastric lavage. 
    • Do not make an unconscious person vomit. 

Get medical attention immediately.


8. SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

  • VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS:
    •  Local exhaust to maintain concentration of alcohol vapors below 1000 ppm.
  • SPECIFIC PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
    • RESPIRATORY:
      • NIOSH approved respirator for organic vapors if ventilation is not adequate.  For unknown concentrations, fire fighting, or high concentrations, use a
        self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with full face piece.
    • EYE
      •  Face shield, chemical safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields.
    • GLOVES:
      • Butyl rubber, natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber, polyethylene, Viton,
        or other compatible material.
    • OTHER:
      • Appropriate protective clothing for the work situation to minimize skin contact. 
  • Eyewash stations and safety showers should be available in areas of handling and use.


    9. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
  • Store in tightly closed containers. 
  • Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated, fire resistant areas. 
  • Store out of direct sunlight, away from oxidizing agents and sources of heat or ignition. 
  • Electrically bond and ground metal containers during liquid transfer.

    10. SPILL, LEAK AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURES
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IF MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED:
  • Restrict access to area.
  • Keep unprotected personnel upwind of spill.
  • Remove sources of heat, sparks, and flames.
  • Provide adequate ventilation.
  • Contain spill.
  • Prevent liquid from entering sewers and confined spaces.
  • Use non-sparking tools and equipment.
  • Follow federal, state, and local requirements for reporting spills and releases.
  • SMALL SPILLS: Absorb with sand or other suitable material; transfer to suitable disposal container.
  • Flush area with water.
  • LARGE SPILLS:
    • Dike far ahead of spill.
  • Use water spray to reduce vapors and decrease fire hazard.
  • Pick up liquid for recovery or disposal when feasible. Absorb residues with sand or other suitable material; transfer to suitable disposal containers.
  • DISPOSAL:
    • Follow federal, state and local disposal requirements.
  • Waste residues and liquids may be an ignitable hazardous waste.
















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